Middle Ages Wonders

Throughout history, men have sought to identify the wonders of their own time. During the Middle Ages, the medieval mind was also captivated by the amazing structures created by humanity. Therefore, many academics and philosophers who were interested in the great classic civilizations like Greece and Rome, wanted to revive part of their glory by remembering the list of marvels created in the classic age.

Most structures of these lists were constructed much earlier than Medieval Times. Nevertheless, the authors of these new medieval lists of marvels have included their own wonders and opinion in order to reflect the spirit of their time.

The main list contains more than seven wonders, and it is known as the Wonders of the Middle Ages despite that the concept “Middle Age” did not become popular until the 16th century. The list includes the following marvels:


Hagia Sophia

The basilica represents a major revolution in church construction. It is a most beautiful yet resilient building that has survived fire, earthquake and the vandalism of rioters.


Stonehenge a Neolithic and Bronze Age megalithic monument in Wiltshire, UK. Theories about its origins include: a place for the dead, a place of healing, an ancient observatory, a place of Moon worship and UFO landing site.

Cairo Citadel

The Saladin Citadel of Cairo is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Egypt with the Muqattan hill, Mosque of Muhammad Ali and wonderful Islamic structures.

Cluny Abbey

The monastery was once the greatest power in Europe and the centre of a major monastic movement during the Middle ages.

Ely Cathedral

Ely Cathedral known as “the ship of the Fens” is one of the most amazing engineering feats of middle Ages with the unique form of its Octagon Tower.

Great Wall of China

One of the most famous structures of the world and certainly the most famous landmark in China. This is a truly unique feat of human architecture that can be seen from space.

Kom el Shoqafa Catacombs

The Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa is a multi level labyrinth featuring dozens of chambers adorned with sculpted pillars, statues and other Romano Egyptian religious symbols, burial niches and sarcophagi.

Leaning Tower of Pisa

The leaning tower of Pisa an artwork that performed in three stages is the campanile or freestanding bell tower of the Pisa’s Cathedral.

Porcelain Tower of Nanjing

A sublimely elegant example of Buddhist Architecture that in its golden times was covered with superior quality white and shining porcelain bricks interlaid with coloured stones.

Roman Colosseum

An elliptical amphitheatre and national emblem, the Coliseum is one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering.

Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal or the epitome of love is a magnificent monument that reflects an immense love. It is one of the symbolic images of India and a popular tourist attraction.