The creation of the first lists of Wonders of the world is attributed to Herodotus (famous Greek historian, 484 BC – 425 BC) and Calimachus of Cyrene (chief of the Library of Alexandria 305 – 240 BC). However, it is also beleived that the traditional list was also made by Philo of Byzantium and written on his work “On the Seven Wonders” in 225 BC.
Finally, around 140 BC, Antipater of Sidon compiled a later version of the list describing the structures in a poem. The monuments mentioned in these lists were inspired by the mythology, religion and art of the ancient great civilizations of the world.
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World reflected the ability of the men to change the nature in order to build wonderful and beautiful structures which amaze and inspire the people.
It believes that these constructions of classical antiquity were constructed since 2700 B.C. but, unfortunately, only one of the wonders mentioned by Herodotus has survived until today: The Pyramids of Giza. However, the Ancient Seven Wonders list included: