China located to the east of Asia, surrounded by the seas of the Oriental China, the Bay of Korea, the Yellow Sea and the sea of the south of China, between North Korea and Vietnam. China is the fourth biggest country after Russia, Canada, and the USA.
China’s geography is highly diverse, with hills, plains, and river deltas in the east and deserts, high plateaus, and mountains in the west. History and politics aside, China is a land of superlatives, encompassing the Yangtze River, the Silk Road, the bamboo forests of the giant panda and misty peaks immortalised in traditional ink paintings.
China is the cultural treasure-house of East Asia with 5,000 years of tumultuous history place. The Great Wall, X’ian’s Terracotta Army, the Forbidden Palace and Tiananmen Square, etc. they with history and legend. Flexibility and patience are still required to travel around China but, in return, China rewards visitors with treasure memories for a lifetime.
Climate is equally varied, ranging from tropical in the south (Hainan) to sub arctic in north eastern China (Manchuria). The geography of China causes an unequal demographic distribution; 94 per cent of the population is located in the part east of the country. Shandong the province, with its soft coastal climate, has 91 million persons, but Tibet, with its harsh climate of plateau of mountain, has only 2.6 millions.
China has 33 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Chinese food ranks among the world’s great cuisines. From acrobatics to martial arts, calligraphy to Chinese opera, the vibrant, distinctive culture of this great land is everywhere to be seen. Spectacular Tibet (Xihang) has been open to tourists since 1980.
China has one of the world’s oldest people and continuous civilizations, consisting of states and cultures dating back more than six millennia. Historically China’s cultural sphere has been very influential in East Asia as a whole, with Chinese religion, customs, and writing system being adapted, to varying degrees, by its neighbours Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.
China is the world’s third largest net importer of oil behind the United States and Japan, an important factor in world oil markets. With near 1.3 billions of people, the 20 percent of the Earth population, China is the world’s most populous country and has in recent year’s undergone economic growth at constantly high levels.
It has had a dramatic impact on the reduction of poverty, and is contributing significantly towards the attainment of global MDG targets. At the same time, however, it has led to considerable income and regional disparities, has resulted in a high degree of environmental degradation, and has created vulnerable groups of the population.